ple, it has been possible to eliminate all light
engine mileage and still permit each locomotive
to return to the Elkton Shops once each day for
inspection and servicing. Other important advan-
tages found to accrue through diesel oporation
are (1) no fireman is needed, (2) no hostlers are
needed, (3) shop personnel may be reduced in
number, (4) no fuel is consumed during idle or
lay-over periods, (5) monthly inspections may be
handled at night during lay-over periods between
assignments, (6) Section Foremen report greatly
reduced track maintenance, and (7) fire hazard
to trestles, and property adjoining right-of-way
is eliminated. Obviously, there are many more
salient points which may be noted but it is felt
that the major items are enumerated above.
   The new locomotives have been well received
by both the operating and maintenance personnel
of the railroad. None of the enginemen had ever
previously operated any type of power other than
steam; after a brief introduction to the diesels
they proceeded with their assignments with only
general supervision by the manufacturer's diesel
instructor, for a ten-day period. The two diesel
maintainers received about three weeks' training
at the Baldwin plant and are competently main-
taining the locomotives.
   It is inevitable that the question will be raised
as to why Baldwin locomotives were selected for
purchase by the Chesapeake Western Railway.
Without detracting from other manufacturers' lo-
comotives, it was felt that the Baldwin locomotive
would be the best for this particular application
because it possessed the following advantageous
features: (1) cast-steel locomotive frame, (2) a
maximum available horsepower of 750, (3) the
Westinghouse "1-3-2-4" traction motor hook-up,
(4) pneumatic throttle and anti-slip controls, (5)
the truck construction, and other details of design.
   Perhaps it is symbolic that the big blue and
gray Chesapeake Western diesels go thundering
along through a section of the Old Dominion
where, in years past, men in Confederate gray
and men in Federal blue shed their blood; where
the railroad parallels the scenic "Blue and Gray
Trail" stretching between the Atlantic and the
Great Lakes. We cannot help but believe that
"Marse Robert"-General Lee, the railroad man,
would be pleased to see the new, modern power
on his old railroad.

*(The author, Charles Grattan Price, Jr., formerly
Mechanical Engineer for the Chesapeake Western Rail-
way,is an independent railway consultant, and has
made diesel surveys for several other railraods. During
the War, as a Captain in the Transportation Corps'
Military Railway Service, he served as Superintendent
of the Holabrid Railway Shops in Baltimore, and as
Master Mechanic of the 709th Railway Grand Division
in France, Belgium, Holland, and Germany.)
Baldwin 660-hp, Series 606-NA, diesel engine which powers the
switchers on the Chesapeake Western Railway.
Baldwin 660-hp, Series 606-NA, diesel engine

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